Bouldering Tips For Beginners: 20+ Techniques To Learn

Are you ready to take on a new challenge that will test your physical and mental limits? If so, bouldering might just be the perfect sport for you! As one of the fastest-growing disciplines in the world of climbing, bouldering has gained a reputation for being an exciting and dynamic activity that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and abilities.

If you’re new to bouldering and want to get started, you’ve come to the correct spot. We’ll give you a complete set of bouldering advice in this piece to help you get off the ground and onto the rock. Whether you’re a seasoned climber or a total novice, our advice and tips will provide you with the information and confidence you need to take your climbing to the next level.

So what are you waiting for? Strap on your climbing shoes, grab your chalk bag, and let’s dive into the world of bouldering and explore some of the best bouldering tips for beginner!

What is Bouldering?

Bouldering is a form of rock climbing that is done without ropes or harnesses. Climbers scale boulders or small rock formations, known as “problems,” using only their hands and feet to navigate the challenging terrain. 

The sport requires strength, balance, and technique. Bouldering can be done both indoors and outdoors and is a great way for climbers of all skill levels to improve their climbing abilities and push their limits in a safe and controlled environment.

Bouldering Tips For Beginners 

Warm-up Properly

Warm-up properly.
The first thing you should do when you get to the gym is some light cardio exercises, like jogging or jumping jacks. This will get your blood flowing and help loosen up your muscles before starting a bouldering session. After that, give yourself a few minutes of stretching to prepare for climbing by focusing on areas like the shoulders, arms and back.

Use Proper Technique

Bouldering is a great way to get into climbing, but it’s important to remember that you should always be using proper technique. If you are relying on your arms to pull yourself up the wall, then it can be dangerous because this could cause injury or even worse–a fall. Instead of pulling yourself up with your arms, focus on pushing with your legs and keeping your body close to the wall so that you can use core muscles in order to maintain balance while climbing.

Choose the Right Shoes

When you’re bouldering, you’ll want to choose the right shoes. The best bouldering shoes are those that fit snugly and have a sticky rubber sole for better grip on the wall. You’ll also need to make sure your toes aren’t hanging off the front of your shoe–this can cause injury if you fall off of an overhang!

Bouldering Tips For Beginners

Start with Easy Routes

As a beginner, it’s important to start with easy routes that are well within your ability level. This will help build your confidence and allow you to progress gradually.
If you find yourself struggling on a particular route, don’t give up! Take some time off from climbing and try again later when you’re feeling stronger or more experienced.

Learn to Fall

Learning to fall is an important part of bouldering. You will fall, and it’s better to learn how to do it safely than have a bad experience that could lead you away from the sport.
To practice falling, stand near the edge of the boulder and jump off with both feet together. Try this in different positions: standing on your toes or heels; with one foot forward, one back; with both feet facing straight ahead or turned outwards at 45 degrees (this is called “crossing over”). Each time you jump off try aiming for different parts of the crash pad so that you’re prepared for any situation when climbing outdoors and need to bail quickly.

Climb with a Partner

Climbing with a partner is an important aspect of bouldering. Climbing with a partner not only makes the experience more enjoyable, but it can also be safer.

When bouldering with a partner, you can spot each other, offer encouragement and feedback, and generally provide support for each other. Spotting involves standing below the climber and guiding them safely to the ground if they fall off the boulder. Having a spotter can help prevent injuries from falls.

Climbing with a partner can also help you push yourself to new heights. Your partner can encourage you to try more challenging routes or moves that you might not have attempted on your own.

When choosing a partner, it’s important to choose someone who is at least as strong as you are so that they can help carry the weight of your fall if necessary. It’s also important to communicate well with your partner and establish clear rules and expectations before climbing together.

It’s also a good idea to switch off climbing and spotting duties with your partner. This can help prevent fatigue and ensure that you both get a chance to focus on climbing.

Take Breaks

Taking breaks is an important aspect of bouldering that should not be overlooked. Bouldering can be very physically demanding, and taking breaks can help prevent injury and fatigue.

During a bouldering session, it’s important to listen to your body and take breaks when you need them. This may mean taking a few minutes to rest between climbs, or it may mean taking a longer break if you’re feeling particularly tired or sore.

When taking breaks, it’s a good idea to stretch and hydrate. Stretching can help prevent muscle soreness and injury, while staying hydrated is important for maintaining energy levels and preventing cramping.

It’s also important to rest your fingers during breaks, as they can become fatigued or even injured from overuse. You can do this by using a hand gripper or doing some simple finger stretches.

Have Fun

Bouldering can be a challenging and physically demanding sport, but it can also be incredibly rewarding. Focusing on the enjoyment of the climb, rather than just the end goal, can help make the experience more enjoyable.

One way to have more fun while bouldering is to try new routes and challenges. This can help prevent boredom and keep the sport exciting. Additionally, climbing with friends or a partner can help make the experience more social and enjoyable.

How To Get Better at Bouldering

  1. Consistent practice: Regularly practicing and climbing boulder problems can help improve your strength, endurance, technique, and mental skills. Aim to climb at least two to three times a week.
  2. Set goals: Set specific and achievable goals for your bouldering, such as climbing a certain grade or completing a specific problem. Working towards goals can help you stay motivated and focused.
  3. Focus on technique: Good technique can help you climb more efficiently and effectively, conserving energy and reducing the risk of injury. Practice different movements and techniques, such as edging, smearing, and drop knees, and work on improving your footwork and body positioning.
  4. Strength and conditioning: Building strength and endurance through targeted exercises such as pull-ups, push-ups, and core work can improve your bouldering abilities. Additionally, adding cardio workouts can improve your overall fitness.
  5. Rest and recovery: Rest and recovery are crucial for improving your performance and reducing the risk of injury. Make sure to take breaks between climbing sessions and get enough sleep and nutrition.
  6. Seek feedback: Feedback from other climbers or a coach can help you identify areas for improvement and work on specific skills or techniques.
  7. Take risks and experiment: Try new moves and techniques, and challenge yourself by attempting problems that are slightly beyond your current abilities. This can help you improve and expand your climbing skills.

Preparing for Bouldering

Gear and Tools for Bouldering

Gear and Equipment

Bouldering can be an exhilarating sport, but having the right gear and equipment is essential to your success and safety. As a beginner, you don’t need to go all out and splurge on every piece of gear out there. Instead, focus on investing in the essentials that will make your experience more comfortable and enjoyable.

  • A set of high-quality climbing shoes is one of the most important items of tools you’ll need. These sneakers have been specifically made to provide grip and support while climbing the wall. They come in a variety of styles, so pick one that suits well and corresponds to your ability level.
  • Another essential item is a chalk bag, which will help keep your hands dry and improve your grip on the wall. Chalk bags come in a range of sizes and styles, so choose one that fits comfortably on your waist or hangs from your harness.
  • Finally, you should look into getting an impact mat to help soften your accidents and protect you from harm. While owning your own cushion is not required, having one will provide you with piece of mind and enable you to practice bouldering wherever and whenever you want.

By getting in these essential items of equipment, you’ll be setting yourself up for success in the realm of bouldering.

Bouldering Techniques and Strategies For Beginners

To be an expert boulder, you will need to master the right techniques and strategies. From “chalking up” to “mantling,” we have insider knowledge to help you ascend better, not harder. So, instead of just “hanging out,” try out our bouldering tactics and strategies and start conquering those boulder issues like an expert!


Smearing is an important skill to learn as a beginner boulderer. Smearing entails using the rubber on the bottoms of your climbing shoes to generate friction against the granite surface. This method is especially helpful on flat and featureless surfaces where other techniques such as edging or toe-hooking may be ineffective.

To execute a smear, press the heel of your climbing shoe against the granite surface. To optimize friction, spread your body weight equally across the surface of your sneaker. Keep your torso near to the wall as you press against the rock to retain equilibrium and stability.


Placing the edge of your climbing shoes on a tiny support or feature and using it to press your body weight onto the rock. Edging is an important skill in bouldering because it enables climbers to retain balance and control on even the smallest footholds. When edging, maintain your torso near to the wall and use your leg muscles to press your weight onto your feet.

Start with simple boulder problems and concentrate on your foot placement and balance to learn edging. As you gain confidence, attempt more challenging challenges with smaller holds and more detailed footwork. With practice and perseverance, edging will become second nature, enabling you to face more difficult climbs with greater comfort and control. 

Remember that correct technique is important to becoming a successful and secure boulderer, so perfect each method before progressing to more difficult routes.

Toe/Heel Hooking

Toe/heel hooking is a bouldering technique that requires catching a support with the rubber on your climbing shoe’s toe or heel and bringing your body closer to the rock.

To use toe/heel hooking properly, you must choose the right hold and place your body correctly. Initiate by identifying a suitable hold that can be hooked onto, such as a jug or a pocket. And after that, adjust your body position so that your toe or heel can firmly grab onto the hold.

When executing the move, be sure to use your core strength and engage your leg muscles to pull yourself towards the rock. With practice, you’ll be able to use toe/heel hooking to tackle more challenging boulder problems and improve your overall climbing abilities.


Flagging is a vital bouldering technique that can greatly enhance a beginner’s balance and stability. This technique involves pushing one leg against the wall while using the other leg to keep balance and support. It can be useful when facing difficult footholds that require additional stability.

Place one foot on a hold while keeping the other leg extended and pushing against the wall to use flagging. This shifts your center of gravity, so you can remain balanced on the structure. Flagging can become a useful strategy for navigating tough boulder problems and enhancing your general bouldering abilities with consistent practice. When you incorporate flagging into your practice, your climbing skills will improve fast.


To gain stability to push down onto the top, it’s important to learn Mantling techniques. It requires using your hands and limbs to press down onto the summit of a boulder to obtain stability.

When you approach the top of a boulder problem and need to gain control of the finish hold, this technique is frequently used. To mantle, force down onto the top of the boulder with your palms while concurrently pressing your torso upward. This method takes excellent upper body strength and control, but it can be a very efficient way to acquire balance and stability on the wall or hill with practice.


The Dyno is one such technique, which is a dynamic move in which you leap or thrust to an out-of-reach hold. 

To initiate a Dyno, select the hold you want to target. Take a few deep breaths and emotionally and physically ready yourself. As you reach the boulder, leap explosively towards the hold, propelled by your arms and legs. Grab the support with both hands and fall firmly on it.

When attempting a Dyno, it’s essential to make sure that the hold is within your reach and that you have a safe landing spot. Also, remember to use proper technique and engage your entire body to generate enough power to make the jump.

Drop Knee

Beginners in bouldering frequently struggle with maintaining balance and reaching difficult holds. The drop knee is a method that can assist with both.

To execute a drop knee, twist your body towards the direction you want to reach while dropping one knee towards the ground. This movement shifts your weight and allows you to extend your reach while maintaining stability. The dropped knee can also be used to push against the wall and generate upward momentum.

To practice the drop knee, start on a route with a hold just out of reach. As you reach for the hold, drop your opposite knee towards the ground and twist your body towards the hold. This will take some practice to master, but once you get the hang of it, the drop knee can become a valuable tool in your bouldering arsenal.


As a beginner, it’s important to learn and practice this technique to improve your climbing skills. Stemming is also another important tactic to maintain balance and stability while bouldering. 

To perform a stem, start by identifying two opposite walls or features that you can press your body against. Position your body between the two walls and press your arms and legs outwards to create a stable position. Adjust your body position and weight distribution as needed to maintain balance and prevent slipping.

Stemming is a technique that is frequently used in bouldering challenges that involve climbing in tight areas or on vertical faces. It’s also helpful for navigating a wall without using your hands.


This is another effective bouldering technique that involves squeezing and pulling two separate holds together to create a new hold or a more stable grip for your hands or body.

This technique can be used in a variety of boulder problems where the holds are far apart or when you need to create a new hold to move higher up the boulder. Compression is especially useful in overhanging routes or traverses where you need to create new holds to continue climbing.

To execute the compression technique, you need to use your upper body strength to pull and squeeze two holds together. This requires good body tension and control as well as proper foot positioning to keep your balance on the wall.


Wedging your hands or feet into fissures or crevices in the rock to obtain stability and support is what jamming is all about. 

To practice jamming, find a crack or crevice that is slightly wider than your hand or foot. Start by inserting your hand or foot into the crack and twisting it slightly to create a solid grip. Move your other hand or foot up to another hold, and continue the process until you reach the top.

When jamming, it’s important to keep your body close to the rock and use your leg and core muscles to push your body up. Practice on cracks and crevices of varying sizes to develop your technique and build strength.


Learning and perfecting various bouldering skills is critical for newbies who want to better their abilities and ascend more difficult paths. “Gaston” is a technique that requires pushing against a hold with the side of your palm and your torso to achieve reach and stability.

To perform a Gaston, position yourself next to the hold with your hand on the opposite side of your body. Twist your body towards the hold, pressing against it with the side of your hand and your body. This will allow you to use your body weight to gain reach and stability, making it easier to hold onto the boulder. Before trying the Gaston move on more difficult paths, practice it on simpler boulder issues.

Smear and Squat

This technique is especially useful when you need to reach supports that are just out of reach or when you need to keep control on a tough area of a boulder problem.

Place one foot on a support and press the rubber sole of your climbing shoe against the granite surface to initiate this technique. Next, kneel while keeping weight on the smear. This will aid in your stability and allow you to achieve positions that would otherwise be out of reach.

Focus on your body position, foot placement, and balance when using this technique. Maintain stability and control of your movements by engaging your core muscles. Begin with easier boulder problems and gradually increase the difficulty level as you gain confidence in the technique.


Campus is a bouldering technique that involves climbing up a series of holds on an overhanging wall or a campus board with only your hands. It’s a powerful and explosive move that requires a lot of upper body strength and technique.

Begin by practicing on a campus board with larger holds, then progress to smaller and more difficult holds as your strength and technique improve. 

To get started with campus, begin with a simple up-and-down ladder exercise where you move your hands up and down the holds on the board. Make sure you maintain proper form and technique while doing this exercise. Once you feel comfortable with the ladder exercise, you can move on to more advanced exercises such as dynos, bumps, and crosses.

Rock Over

Rock over is a technique used in bouldering where you shift your weight and rotate your body over a foothold to gain height. 

To learn this technique, start by finding a hold that is just above your head and place your hand on it. Then, place your foot on a lower foothold and push your body upwards while rotating your hips towards the wall. Practice this move with both hands and feet until you feel comfortable and in control. Remember to engage your core and use your legs to push yourself up.


This technique is basically the underside of a hold to pull your body up and towards the surface when bouldering. 

Find a hold with a downward-facing edge and position yourself beneath it to practice undercling. With your palms facing up and your fingers wrapped around the underside, reach up and grab the hold. To keep your balance, pull yourself up against the wall with your arms and legs.


The Bicycle is a technique to add to your arsenal if you want to become a master of bouldering. To maintain balance and reach holds, this technique involves using your legs as pedals.

To execute the Bicycle technique effectively, begin by locating a foothold that is just out of your reach. Next, place one foot securely on the hold and position your body close to the wall.

Using your other foot, “pedal” in a circular motion to create momentum and maintain your balance. This will allow you to extend your reach towards the desired hold while keeping your body stable.

Cross Through

The Cross Through is a technique used to move from one hold to another by crossing one hand over the other, often in a diagonal direction. To perform this technique, start by reaching for a hold with one hand while maintaining your grip on the current hold. Then, cross your opposite hand over and past the first hand to reach the new hold. This move requires a combination of balance, strength, and precision.

As with any new technique, it is important to start with easier boulder problems that incorporate the Cross Through and gradually work your way up to more challenging routes. Always focus on proper form and technique to avoid injury and improve your overall climbing ability.


The chimney technique is a helpful bouldering ability to acquire for novices. This method includes using your body to bridge the distance between two opposing walls or objects.

To start, find a chimney with opposite walls close enough to place your hands and feet on each side. Then, position your body perpendicular to the wall and press your back against one side while your feet push against the other. Slowly shimmy your way up the chimney by alternating your hands and feet until you reach the top. Remember to maintain balance and use your legs as much as possible to conserve your upper body strength.

Bat Hang

The Bat Hang is an intermediate bouldering technique that requires some practice, but it can be very rewarding for beginner boulderers. Hanging upside down from a hold with your feet and pulling yourself up is called Bat Hang.

To start practicing the Bat Hang, choose a boulder problem that has an overhang or roof section with a suitable hold for this technique. Begin by hanging from the hold with your hands, then lift your legs up and hook them onto the hold. Use your core strength and leg muscles to maintain the hang, and gradually pull yourself up towards the next hold while staying in the Bat Hang position.


Deadpoint is a bouldering move in which you leap or lunge to a support at your maximum reach. This method is frequently used to grasp a hold that is just out of reach or to bridge a large gap between two holds.

To perform a deadpoint, first locate the hold you wish to approach. Take a few steps back to evaluate your distance from the grip. Take a steady breath and concentrate on your movements once you have a clear idea of the distance.

As you approach the hold, use your legs to generate power and jump towards the hold. Make sure to keep your arms straight and extend your body to reach the highest point possible. Aim to grab the hold at the peak of your jump or lunge.


This is a technique where you place the sole of your climbing shoe onto a hold behind you to push yourself upwards.

Place the sole of your climbing shoe onto a hold located behind you while facing away from the wall. Push upwards with your foot to propel yourself upwards on the rock face. The backstep is particularly useful when navigating steep overhangs where the holds are behind you. Ensure that your weight is balanced and your body stays close to the wall to maintain control.

Mantle Press

The mantle push is a good bouldering move for novices to learn. To use this method, first place yourself beneath a rock with your palms on the top of the boulder. Then, using your arms and upper body power, lift your torso upwards while pressing down on the boulder. 

This will enable you to lift yourself up and onto the boulder’s summit, where you will be able to achieve equilibrium and stability. To increase your strength and coordination, practice this method on simple boulder challenges.

Safety and Etiquette

As a beginner, it’s important to grasp the sport’s safety rules and etiquette. You can guarantee your own safety and the safety of those around you by following these recommendations.

Safety Guidelines:

  • Always warm up properly before starting your climb
  • Inspect the boulder and landing area for potential hazards such as loose rock or uneven terrain
  • Use a crash pad to cushion your fall
  • Never climb alone and always have a spotter to guide you and help prevent injury
  • Know your limits and don’t attempt climbs that are too difficult for your skill level
  • Use proper technique and form to reduce the risk of injury

Bouldering Etiquette:

  • Respect other climbers and wait your turn to climb on a popular boulder
  • Communicate with other climbers and let them know if you need to rest or take a break
  • Avoid standing or sitting on crash pads or obstructing paths for other climbers
  • Clean up after yourself and dispose of any trash properly
  • Be respectful of the natural environment and don’t damage the boulder or surrounding area


How should I assess the route before starting a climb?

It is important to assess the route before starting a climb to identify any potential hazards. This can include loose or unstable rocks, sharp edges, or areas with poor footing. Take the time to analyze the route and identify areas that may require extra caution.

Why is warming up important before bouldering?

Warming up is important before bouldering as it helps to increase blood flow, reduce the risk of injury, and improve flexibility. It prepares the body for the physical demands of climbing.

What kind of clothing and gear should I wear for bouldering?

A: It is recommended to wear comfortable clothing that allows for a full range of motion. Climbing shoes are also important to wear, as they provide better traction and grip. Chalk can also be used to improve grip.

What is a bouldering problem?

It is recommended to wear comfortable clothing that allows for a full range of motion. Climbing shoes are also important to wear, as they provide better traction and grip. Chalk can also be used to improve grip.


In conclusion, bouldering is a popular form of rock climbing that offers a fun and challenging workout for people of all skill levels. To get better at bouldering, it’s important to focus on physical training, technique development, mental preparation, and experience. By consistently practicing, setting goals, improving your technique, building strength and endurance, and seeking feedback, you can improve your bouldering skills and achieve your climbing goals. Remember to prioritize safety, rest and recovery, and have fun along the way!

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